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InitialsDiceBear„Initials” ( by „DiceBear”, licensed under „CC0 1.0” (
Posts 14
Comments 64
[SOLVED] do I have to install language packages to write in languages other than English on xubuntu 24.04?
  • If you don’t want spellchecking, then no. You can just change the keyboard layout.

    If you do want spellchecking then yes, you will need to install some kind of language pack.

    I’m not sure how libreoffice does it, but Firefox has different language packs for translating the UI and for spellchecking.

    Are the extra dialects taking up too much space for you?

  • Any suggestions for cheap but decent laptops for coding?
  • It’s probably best to limit yourself to a used laptop.

    Reading and writing code is nothing more than reading and writing text, and for that you don’t need a fancy gpu or screen.

    What I would recommend you look for in a laptop is

    • an SSD instead of an HDD
    • more cpu cores (at least 4 cores)
    • more memory (RAM) (at least 8GB, preferably 16GB+)

    More memory and cores will help you with compiling and running your code.

    And make sure you take regular backups! You never know when your disk will fail.

    Also make sure to check linux compatibility before you buy. Laptops used to be a pain (10+ years ago), and it’s gotten a lot better, but it’s not always perfect. Just search for “[brand] [model] linux” or try to find the model on the archlinux wiki.

  • it'll take some time and patience
  • Exactly, ansible is basically imperative, where write the steps declaratively.

    Whereas nixos is more like a compiler that compiles to a working linux install.

    If I added the software myprogram and a config file at /etc/myprogram.conf, that’s pretty easy in both. But if I needed to to then remove those it gets different .

    With nixos it’s at easy as removing the two lines that add the program and the config file; after the next “compile”, the file is gone and myprogram is no longer available in the PATH.

    With ansible you need to change the relevant step to use apt remove instead of apt install and to change the config file step in a step that removes the file.

    Don’t get me wrong, ansible is still better than writing a lot of bash scripts, especially if you don’t have people with a lot of shell experience.

    But tools like nixos and guix are on a whole other level.

  • The Bitcoiners were wrong: a blog post about privacy and bitcoin, and how they failed to design a cash alternative
  • Exactly, if we do a back of the napkin calculation:



    There are 200 million bitcoin wallets, let’s be generous and say those are all owned by unique individuals.

    Total energy consumption

    Bitcoin used about 114 TWh in 2021[1]

    Bitcoin currently uses about 150 TWh annually

    Energy consumption per user

    150 TWh / year 
    ————————— = 0,75 TWh / user / year
    200 million users

    Banking system


    There are over 8 billion people on the planet today, let’s assume 4 billion of them have access to the global banking system.

    Total energy consumption

    The global banking system used an estimated 264 TWh in 2021[1]

    If we assume the same consumption increase rate for banking, that’s about 348 TWh/year currently.

    Energy consumption per user

    348 TWh / year 
    ————————— = 0,087 TWh / user / year
    4.000 million users

    With these numbers, bitcoin uses almost 10x the energy per user annually.

    There are of course a myriad of things one can argue over whether it makes a fair comparison, none of which I feel like arguing, since this is just a really simple estimate with a lot of assumptions.

    1: I used the numbers in this article uncritically, if you have better numbers you can run your own calculations.

  • The rule of growth

    I’d like to thank the admins for being so open and direct about the issues that they’re facing.